The Indianapolis Civil War
Round Table meets the second Monday of each month, September through May, at at the Indiana Historical Society, 450 West Ohio Street. Before our Program, we meet at for dinner at Shapiro's Cafeteria at 808 South Meridian Street. For more information about the
Indianapolis Civil War Round Table write: Indianapolis CWRT, c/o Ms. Nikki
Schofield, 7929 Hunters Path, Indianapolis, IN 46214; call 317-328-8782; or
send email to:email@example.com
of the Indianapolis Civil War
Monday – at
the Indiana Historical Society
450 W. Ohio St.
(Parking in lot north of the Society off New York St. – Please enter via Northeast Door)
Varina Howell Davis:
Nineteenth Century True Woman
Presented by Richard E. Beringer
In the nineteenth century, Americans of both
genders had different notions about how a good middle-class woman should behave
than most of us have today. Dr. Beringer will discuss
some of the accepted nineteenth-century traits of a true woman, and then
compare them with the behavior and character of the First Lady of the
Confederacy, Varina Davis.Basing his description of the generally
accepted standards of proper behavior for American women in that era on the
pioneering work of historian Barbara Welter, Dr. Beringer
will examine how Varina Davis exhibited what Welter
has called the “four cardinal virtues” of the “true woman”:piety, purity, submissiveness, and
was pious, relying heavily on God for her own strength and the protection of
her family, and certainly pure, she was not particularly submissive—a fact
which created difficulties for her husband, Jefferson Davis, during his
presidency, but also energized her efforts to get him released from prison
after the war.She clearly demonstrated
domesticity, especially in the nursing of her often-ill husband and
children.As Dr. Beringer
has put it, Varina Howell Davis “met three out of
four tests of a nineteenth-century True Woman.”
About the Speaker: A recipient of numerous awards for his work in Civil War
history, Richard E. Beringer is professor emeritus of
history at the University of North Dakota, where he has taught for over thirty
years.The author of numerous articles,
he has also co-authored such celebrated works as The Anatomy of the Confederate Congress and Why the South Lost the Civil War and served as co-editor of The Papers of Jefferson Davis.For these and other efforts he has received
many honors, including a Fulbright professorship at the University of Augsburg
in Germany, the Bell I. Wiley Prize of the National Historical Society, the
Jefferson Davis Award of the Confederate Memorial Literary Society (twice), and
the Charles S. Sydnor Award of the Southern
Historical Association.He obviously
brings to our roundtable a depth of Civil War expertise. Be sure and invite a friend to hear our speaker.
Be sure and
invite a friend to hear our speaker.
DINNER AT SHAPIRO’S
All members and guests are invited
to Shapiro’s Deli at to enjoy
dinner and fellowship prior to the meeting.
As this campaign ends, again I want to thank all those who have
contributed to the Hardtack:Joe and
Dorothy Jones for distributing the Hardtack to all our members and guests, Tony
Trimble for the Civil War Quiz, and all those who have sent me articles.I have sincerely enjoyed putting the Hardtack
together each month and hope that I have met your expectations.I am always open to suggestions and
concerns.This is the last issue until
September and will be needing articles, book reviews,
or anything of interest to our readers.You may send them to me at: 441 S. Catherwood
Ave., Indianapolis, IN46219, call at 356-5117 or e-mail me at
CIVIL WAR QUIZ
was Gen. William Bartlett captured at the Battle of the Crater?
2.Who was known as the “Boy Martyr of the
was the last Confederate Secretary of Treasury?
4.What was the name of Gen. John B. Gordon’s horse?How did it get its name?
unit was known as the Mamelukes?Where does the name come from?
Answers to May Quiz:1) Artificial leg was shot off; 2) Daniel Owen Dodd: 3)
George Trenholm; 4) General Shaler:
Named for previous owner; 5) Terry’s Texas Rangers; Islamic soldiers in the
¨ICWRT’s 2002 Tour:Confederate Invasion of Kentucky
– June 24 to June 28.
Tour will include Battle of Richmond, Ky., Perryville Battlefield, Battle of Mumfordville, Civil War Museum at Bardstown, Stephen Foster
Musical in Bardstown, John Hunt Morgan’s Raid in southern Indiana and many other exciting events. Speaker
on Monday, June 24is John Davis who will speak on “The Battle of Tebb’sBend, Part of Morgan’s Third Raid. Speaker
on June 25 will be Dr. Harry Spalding who will speak on “The Treatment of
Kentucky as a BorderState.” Cost:$264.00. Still
have room on the bus for a few more. If interested, please contact Nikki
Schofield at 328-8782.
¨Civil War Days at BillieCreekVillage – June 8, 9 – 1 mile east of Rockville, Indiana on U.S. 36.
Over 50 ongoing events both days.Sat: with the battle at Sun: with the battle at Over 2,000 reenactors.Cost: $5.00 per person.Bring lawn chairs and blankets.Both days FREE shuttle from
RockvilleSquare & TouristCenter beginning at This
Largest Civil War Event!
¨Benjamin Harrison Day – August 17, 2002–
Event will take at CrownHillCemetery at 700 West 38th St. and the President Benjamin Harrison
Home at 1230 N. Delaware St.The day’s tribute will begin at with a memorial service at Crown
Hill.Ceremony will include speakers, a
musical tribute, musket salute by the Sons of the American Revolution, taps, a
tribute by the Daughters of he American Revolution and
the American tradition of the “Presentation of the Wreath” which is sent by the
White House.Following the ceremony,
guests will receive flags and form a vehicle procession that will proceed to
the Harrison Home for afternoon activities.From , the south lawn of the Harrison Home will feature Civil War
encampments, patriotic programs of musical performances, flag demonstrations,
children’s games and craft activities.For more information call Ruth Nisenshal at
CampNelson served as a Union Army Supply Depot,
Hospital Facility, Enlistment and Training Post for the Army of the Ohio, along with a Refugee Camp for the
families of the enlisted African American soldiers.The Union Army converted the rolling
pastureland of southern JessamineCounty into an enormous base of operations,
approximately 4,000 acres.The camp
contained more than 300 wooden buildings and numerous tents.These buildings were suited to the camp’s
function as a quartermaster and commissary depot, recruitment center and
hospital facility as well as functions associated with personnel
maintenance.All of the buildings,
except the officer’s quarters which was called the
White House, were dismantled and sold following the closure of the base.
The origin of CampNelson is closely linked with President
Lincoln’s desire to free pro-Union sections of east Tennessee from Confederate control.The camp supplied Union efforts in eastern Tennessee, central and eastern Kentucky and southwestern Virginia.In spring of l863, the new Army of the Ohio was organized and placed under the
command of Major General Ambrose E. Burnside with explicit orders to invade East Tennessee.To assist this campaign and to defend central and eastern Kentucky, Burnside ordered his engineers to find
a suitable location in central Kentucky.The Camp was named after the late Major General William “Bull” Nelson,
who founded Camp Dick Robinson, the first Union recruitment camp in Kentucky, located south of CampNelson.
The location of the camp was chosen
for a number of logistical and strategic reasons—it was naturally defensible
and had good transportation (astride a major turnpike and a bridge across the Kentucky River).The site is bounded by the Kentucky River and Hickman Creek, both enclosed by nearly vertical
limestone walls, the Palisades, which extend up to 500 feet in height.The only exposed portion of the camp was its
northern end where a line of fortifications and entrenchments was constructed.
One of the significance’s of CampNelson was that more than 10,000 African
Americans enlisted, were trained and grained their freedom.That amount was the greatest for Kentucky and the third greatest in the
nation.Many of these black soldiers
brought their families, which ultimately resulted in the establishment of a
Refugee Camp with 97 cottages and numerous tents and shacks, which housed more
than 300 people.The Rev. John G. Fee, a
well-known abolitionist and founder of BereaCollege, helped administer and teach at the
Of the 800 core camp acres, the Jessamine County Fiscal Court owns and has preserved more than 400
acres.Although the camp structures were
dismantled by the army, many archaeological features remain intact and some are
in excellent condition.Six earthen
forts with entrenchment lines are part of the preserved site and available for
interpretation.One of the forts was
recently recreated.The only remaining
building of the 300 within the camp is the White House, which was seized from
the residents, the Oliver Perry family.This house served as the Officers’ Quarters.It has been meticulously restored to depict
both the life of the Perry’s and the soldiers, and includes some of the artifacts
uncovered at the site.A trail traverses
throughout the acreage and interprets the supply depot functions along with the
27th Indiana Volunteer Infantry
As has been mentioned previously,
the ICWRT has the opportunity of assisting the Indiana War Memorial Commission
in its program to preserve and replicate the flags of the 27th
Indiana Volunteer Infantry Regiment, the regiment we have adopted at Gettysburg. The cost for replicating the flag is
$1,200.If interested in pledging,
please mail pledge to Ray Shortridge, 1930 New Haven Drive, Indianapolis, IN46231. Still need donations.
October 5, 2002,
the ICWRT volunteers return to Culp’s Hill to continue cleaning up and
restoring the 27th Indiana Infantry’s position to the condition in
which it was during the Battle of Gettysburg.The logistics will be worked out over the summer and be published in the
September and October Hardtack.
Now is the time to submit your dues
for the Indianapolis Civil War Round Table’s 2002-2003 Campaign.Please fill out the form below and mail it,
along with your check, to Doug Wagner.Be sure to include your e-mail address so that we may send the Hardtack
via e-mail to you.
INDIANAPOLIS CIVIL WAR ROUND TABLE
Presenters & Speakers
May 13, 2002
Frederick W. Lander:
The Great Natural American Soldier
June 10, 2002
Varina Howell Davis
THE INDIANAPOLIS CIVIL WAR ROUND TABLE:
President – DAVE SUTHERLAND
Vice President—DR. LLOYD HUNTER
Secretary – DR. BETTY ENLOE
Hardtack Editor—DEBBY CHESTNUT
Distribution Managers—DOROTHY JONES AND PEG BERTELLI
Monday, 24th, leave Indianapolis from the
parking lot of Marriott East, 7202 East 21st
Street, west of Shadeland. Park along perimeter of parking lot, in northwest comer, facing the
Fairfield Inn. You will see the bus. Lunch in Louisville, Kentucky. Afternoon: Battle of Richmond, Kentucky with Ken Knouf, past president of Jefferson County Civil War Round
Table, as guide. We will start on Big Hill southeast of Berea, and work our
way north. Tour will cover about 20 miles. Stops include the small C.S.A.
cemetery, MountZionChurch, hopefully
Bluegrass Depot (an Army facility where much of the first phase of the battle
took place ), and the RichmondCemetery .Dinner
probably in Bardstown.
Monday -Wednesday nights at the Hampton Inn, 985 Chambers
Boulevard, Bardstown, Kentucky, so you can
leave your suitcase in your room, and not have to pack each morning. Breakfast
in the motel lobby is included.
Monday evening, 7:30, Dorothy Jones will speak to the group in
the motel meeting room about "Shakers of Pleasant Hill in the Civil
War," telling how they aided both armies.
Tuesday, 25th, Battle of Perryville,, with David Deatrick
as guide. Lunch will probably be a fast-food place in a near-by town.
Tuesday evening, 7:30, speaker in motel meeting room to be
Wednesday, 26th, Battle
of Munfordville, which
occurred September 14-17, 1862. Gerald Jones will be our guide, for this
morning battlefield tour. Box lunch on the grounds.Afternoon at the Bardstown Civil War Museum, which has artifacts
from both sides. The magazine North & South recently voted
the BardstownMuseum the fourth finest in the U .S. Dinner at
the Stephen Foster Restaurant in Bardstown. , Stephen Foster Musical~ outdoor drama.
Thursday,26th, leave Bardstown for Indiana. Dick Skidmore will be our guide for John
Hunt Morgan's Raid today and tomorrow. One rest stop and two
interpretive stops in the morning.Lunch at Magdalena's Restaurant in
Corydon.Afternoon, one rest stop and three interpretive stops.
will spend the night at Clifty Inn, CliftyFallsState Park, Madison, Indiana. Dinner and
breakfast will be included in the cost. Ken Knouf and
Gordon Whitney will be our dinner speakers, telling about Madison in the Civil
War. Ken will give us a candlelight tour of the EleutherianCollege, built between 1854-56 and used as a Stop on the Underground
Friday, 27th, breakfast at Clifty
Inn. Checkout at One rest stop at
McDonald's and two interpretive stops in the morning.Lunch
at Whiskys.One rest stop
and two interpretive stops in the afternoon. Return to Indianapolis, arriving at
the Marriott East about
(three nights, including breakfasts)
(one night, more than two people in some rooms)
BARDSTOWN CIVIL WARMUSEUM
STEPHEN FOSTER MUSICAL
BOX LUNCH, WEDNESDAY
DINNER AT CLIFTY INN
PER PERSON (see below)*
*TOTAL: $264.00 per person. This price is based on two people per
room. If you require a room alone, please add $95.00 and let me know. We are
especially limited at the Clifty Inn, because they
have another group which has reserved 30 rooms. Some people will have to double
up, with four in a few rooms. Send in your
check to Nikki Schofield today. This is
an excellentprice for this trip.
Please send the form below to: Nikki
Schofield, 7929 Hunters Path, Indianapolis, IN46214. Phone:
317-328-8782. Email is firstname.lastname@example.org
in 2003 will be to Charleston, South Carolina, probably in June. We will leave on Monday. Stay at the
same motel in Charleston all four nights, Monday through Thursday. On Tuesday, we
will see The Hunley. Wednesday, we will visit
the Civil War forts around Charleston. Thursday, we will tour the historic city, Friday, we will drive back to Indianapolis. If you cannot come this year, let me know if you 're interested in going with us in 2003. We will keep
your name on the mailing list.
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