The Indianapolis Civil War Round Table meets the second Monday of each month, September through May, at 7:30 P.M. at the Indiana Historical Society, 450 West Ohio Street. Before our Program, we meet at 5:30 P.M. for dinner at Shapiro's Cafeteria at 808 South Meridian Street. For more information about the Indianapolis Civil War Round Table write: Indianapolis CWRT, c/o Ms. Nikki Schofield, 7929 Hunters Path, Indianapolis, IN 46214; call 317-328-8782; or send email to:  


       A Publication of the Indianapolis Civil War Round Table



June 10, 2002

Monday – 7:30 p.m. at the Indiana Historical Society

450 W. Ohio St.

(Parking in lot north of the Society off New York St. – Please enter via Northeast Door)

Varina Howell Davis:

Nineteenth Century True Woman

Presented by Richard E. Beringer

             In the nineteenth century, Americans of both genders had different notions about how a good middle-class woman should behave than most of us have today. Dr. Beringer will discuss some of the accepted nineteenth-century traits of a true woman, and then compare them with the behavior and character of the First Lady of the Confederacy, Varina Davis.  Basing his description of the generally accepted standards of proper behavior for American women in that era on the pioneering work of historian Barbara Welter, Dr. Beringer will examine how Varina Davis exhibited what Welter has called the “four cardinal virtues” of the “true woman”:  piety, purity, submissiveness, and domesticity.  While Varina was pious, relying heavily on God for her own strength and the protection of her family, and certainly pure, she was not particularly submissive—a fact which created difficulties for her husband, Jefferson Davis, during his presidency, but also energized her efforts to get him released from prison after the war.  She clearly demonstrated domesticity, especially in the nursing of her often-ill husband and children.  As Dr. Beringer has put it, Varina Howell Davis “met three out of four tests of a nineteenth-century True Woman.”

About the Speaker: A recipient of numerous awards for his work in Civil War history, Richard E. Beringer is professor emeritus of history at the University of North Dakota, where he has taught for over thirty years.  The author of numerous articles, he has also co-authored such celebrated works as The Anatomy of the Confederate Congress and Why the South Lost the Civil War and served as co-editor of The Papers of Jefferson Davis.  For these and other efforts he has received many honors, including a Fulbright professorship at the University of Augsburg in Germany, the Bell I. Wiley Prize of the National Historical Society, the Jefferson Davis Award of the Confederate Memorial Literary Society (twice), and the Charles S. Sydnor Award of the Southern Historical Association.  He obviously brings to our roundtable a depth of Civil War expertise. Be sure and invite a friend to hear our speaker.

Be sure and invite a friend to hear our speaker.


            All members and guests are invited to Shapiro’s Deli at 5:30 p.m. to enjoy dinner and fellowship prior to the meeting.


Hardtack Editor

As this campaign ends, again I want to thank all those who have contributed to the Hardtack:  Joe and Dorothy Jones for distributing the Hardtack to all our members and guests, Tony Trimble for the Civil War Quiz, and all those who have sent me articles.  I have sincerely enjoyed putting the Hardtack together each month and hope that I have met your expectations.  I am always open to suggestions and concerns.  This is the last issue until September and will be needing articles, book reviews, or anything of interest to our readers.  You may send them to me at: 441 S. Catherwood Ave., Indianapolis, IN  46219, call at 356-5117 or e-mail me at


By Tony Trimble


1.      How was Gen. William Bartlett captured at the Battle of the Crater?


   2.  Who was known as the “Boy Martyr of the Confederacy?”


  3.  Who was the last Confederate Secretary of Treasury?


  4.  What was the name of Gen. John B. Gordon’s horse?  How did it get its name?


5.      What unit was known as the Mamelukes?  Where does the name come from?


Answers to May Quiz: 1) Artificial leg was shot off; 2) Daniel Owen Dodd: 3) George Trenholm; 4) General Shaler: Named for previous owner; 5) Terry’s Texas Rangers; Islamic soldiers in the crusade


Upcoming Events

¨      ICWRT’s 2002 Tour:  Confederate Invasion of Kentucky and Indiana – June 24 to June 28. Tour will include Battle of Richmond, Ky., Perryville Battlefield, Battle of Mumfordville, Civil War Museum at Bardstown, Stephen Foster Musical in Bardstown, John Hunt Morgan’s Raid in southern Indiana and many other exciting events. Speaker on Monday, June 24is John Davis who will speak on “The Battle of Tebb’s Bend, Part of Morgan’s Third Raid. Speaker on June 25 will be Dr. Harry Spalding who will speak on “The Treatment of Kentucky as a Border State.” Cost:  $264.00. Still have room on the bus for a few more. If interested, please contact Nikki Schofield at 328-8782.

¨      Civil War Days at Billie Creek Village – June 8, 9 – 1 mile east of Rockville, Indiana on U.S. 36.

Over 50 ongoing events both days.  Sat: 9:00-10:00 p.m. with the battle at 4:00 p.m.  Sun: 9:00-1:30 p.m. with the battle at 1:30 p.m.  Over 2,000 reenactors.  Cost: $5.00 per person.  Bring lawn chairs and blankets.  Both days FREE shuttle from Rockville Square & Tourist Center beginning at 9:00 a.m.  This is Indiana’s Largest Civil War Event!

¨      Benjamin Harrison Day August 17, 2002 – Event will take at Crown Hill Cemetery at 700 West 38th St. and the President Benjamin Harrison Home at 1230 N. Delaware St.  The day’s tribute will begin at 10:00 a.m. with a memorial service at Crown Hill.  Ceremony will include speakers, a musical tribute, musket salute by the Sons of the American Revolution, taps, a tribute by the Daughters of he American Revolution and the American tradition of the “Presentation of the Wreath” which is sent by the White House.  Following the ceremony, guests will receive flags and form a vehicle procession that will proceed to the Harrison Home for afternoon activities.  From 12:00-3:00 p.m., the south lawn of the Harrison Home will feature Civil War encampments, patriotic programs of musical performances, flag demonstrations, children’s games and craft activities.  For more information call Ruth Nisenshal at 631-1888.


            Camp Nelson served as a Union Army Supply Depot, Hospital Facility, Enlistment and Training Post for the Army of the Ohio, along with a Refugee Camp for the families of the enlisted African American soldiers.  The Union Army converted the rolling pastureland of southern Jessamine County into an enormous base of operations, approximately 4,000 acres.   The camp contained more than 300 wooden buildings and numerous tents.  These buildings were suited to the camp’s function as a quartermaster and commissary depot, recruitment center and hospital facility as well as functions associated with personnel maintenance.  All of the buildings, except the officer’s quarters which was called the White House, were dismantled and sold following the closure of the base.

            The origin of Camp Nelson is closely linked with President Lincoln’s desire to free pro-Union sections of east Tennessee from Confederate control.  The camp supplied Union efforts in eastern Tennessee, central and eastern Kentucky and southwestern Virginia.  In spring of l863, the new Army of the Ohio was organized and placed under the command of Major General Ambrose E. Burnside with explicit orders to invade East Tennessee.  To assist this campaign and to defend central and eastern Kentucky, Burnside ordered his engineers to find a suitable location in central Kentucky.  The Camp was named after the late Major General William “Bull” Nelson, who founded Camp Dick Robinson, the first Union recruitment camp in Kentucky, located south of Camp Nelson.

            The location of the camp was chosen for a number of logistical and strategic reasons—it was naturally defensible and had good transportation (astride a major turnpike and a bridge across the Kentucky River).  The site is bounded by the Kentucky River and Hickman Creek, both enclosed by nearly vertical limestone walls, the Palisades, which extend up to 500 feet in height.  The only exposed portion of the camp was its northern end where a line of fortifications and entrenchments was constructed.

            One of the significance’s of Camp Nelson was that more than 10,000 African Americans enlisted, were trained and grained their freedom.  That amount was the greatest for Kentucky and the third greatest in the nation.  Many of these black soldiers brought their families, which ultimately resulted in the establishment of a Refugee Camp with 97 cottages and numerous tents and shacks, which housed more than 300 people.  The Rev. John G. Fee, a well-known abolitionist and founder of Berea College, helped administer and teach at the refugee camp.

            Of the 800 core camp acres, the Jessamine County Fiscal Court owns and has preserved more than 400 acres.  Although the camp structures were dismantled by the army, many archaeological features remain intact and some are in excellent condition.  Six earthen forts with entrenchment lines are part of the preserved site and available for interpretation.  One of the forts was recently recreated.  The only remaining building of the 300 within the camp is the White House, which was seized from the residents, the Oliver Perry family.  This house served as the Officers’ Quarters.  It has been meticulously restored to depict both the life of the Perry’s and the soldiers, and includes some of the artifacts uncovered at the site.  A trail traverses throughout the acreage and interprets the supply depot functions along with the fortifications.


27th Indiana Volunteer Infantry

            As has been mentioned previously, the ICWRT has the opportunity of assisting the Indiana War Memorial Commission in its program to preserve and replicate the flags of the 27th Indiana Volunteer Infantry Regiment, the regiment we have adopted at Gettysburg. The cost for replicating the flag is $1,200.  If interested in pledging, please mail pledge to Ray Shortridge, 1930 New Haven Drive, Indianapolis, IN  46231. Still need donations.

            Mark your calendar!  Saturday, October 5, 2002, the ICWRT volunteers return to Culp’s Hill to continue cleaning up and restoring the 27th Indiana Infantry’s position to the condition in which it was during the Battle of Gettysburg.  The logistics will be worked out over the summer and be published in the September and October Hardtack.


Re-enlistment Dues

            Now is the time to submit your dues for the Indianapolis Civil War Round Table’s 2002-2003 Campaign.  Please fill out the form below and mail it, along with your check, to Doug Wagner.  Be sure to include your e-mail address so that we may send the Hardtack via e-mail to you.




Presenters & Speakers





May 13, 2002

Gary Ecelbarger

Frederick W. Lander: The Great Natural American Soldier

June 10, 2002

Richard Beringer

Varina Howell Davis




Vice President—DR. LLOYD HUNTER

Secretary – DR. BETTY ENLOE


Hardtack Editor—DEBBY CHESTNUT




Indianapolis Civil War Round Table

Enlistment for the 2002/2003 Campaign


Mail to:


D A Wagner

5245 Kathcart Way

Indianapolis, Indiana 46254


Phone:  317 328 4828



Tear off and include with your check



ICWRT Enlistment for July 2002 thru June 2003


Make Checks payable to “Indianapolis Civil War Round Table”


Name…………………………………………….  Date……………………..








Enlistment for July 2002 thru June 2003:  $25   Individual…… $30 Family……..


Invasion of Kentucky & Indiana

Annual Tour of the Indianapolis Civil War Round Table, June 24-28,2002

Director: Ms. Nikki Schofield, 317-328-8782; email: 

Monday, 24th, 8:00 a.m. leave Indianapolis from the parking lot of Marriott East, 7202 East 21st Street, west of Shadeland. Park along perimeter of parking lot, in northwest comer, facing the Fairfield Inn. You will see the bus. Lunch in Louisville, Kentucky. Afternoon: Battle of Richmond, Kentucky with Ken Knouf, past president of Jefferson County Civil War Round Table, as guide. We will start on Big Hill southeast of Berea, and work our way north. Tour will cover about 20 miles. Stops include the small C.S.A. cemetery, Mount Zion Church, hopefully Bluegrass Depot (an Army facility where much of the first phase of the battle took place ), and the Richmond Cemetery .Dinner probably in Bardstown.

Monday -Wednesday nights at the Hampton Inn, 985 Chambers Boulevard, Bardstown, Kentucky, so you can leave your suitcase in your room, and not have to pack each morning. Breakfast in the motel lobby is included.

Monday evening, 7:30, Dorothy Jones will speak to the group in the motel meeting room about "Shakers of Pleasant Hill in the Civil War," telling how they aided both armies.

Tuesday, 25th, Battle of Perryville, 9 a.m. to 4 p.m., with David Deatrick as guide. Lunch will probably be a fast-food place in a near-by town.

Tuesday evening, 7:30, speaker in motel meeting room to be announced.

Wednesday, 26th, Battle of Munfordville, which occurred September 14-17, 1862. Gerald Jones will be our guide, for this morning battlefield tour. Box lunch on the grounds. Afternoon at the Bardstown Civil War Museum, which has artifacts from both sides. The magazine North & South recently voted the Bardstown Museum the fourth finest in the U .S. Dinner at the Stephen Foster Restaurant in Bardstown. 8:30 p.m., Stephen Foster Musical~ outdoor drama.

Thursday,26th, 7:00 a.m. leave Bardstown for Indiana. Dick Skidmore will be our guide for John Hunt Morgan's Raid today and tomorrow. One rest stop and two interpretive stops in the morning. Lunch at Magdalena's Restaurant in Corydon. Afternoon, one rest stop and three interpretive stops.

We will spend the night at Clifty Inn, Clifty Falls State Park, Madison, Indiana. Dinner and breakfast will be included in the cost. Ken Knouf and Gordon Whitney will be our dinner speakers, telling about Madison in the Civil War. Ken will give us a candlelight tour of the Eleutherian College, built between 1854-56 and used as a Stop on the Underground Railroad.


Friday, 27th, breakfast at Clifty Inn. Checkout at 9:00 a.m. One rest stop at McDonald's and two interpretive stops in the morning. Lunch at Whiskys. One rest stop and two interpretive stops in the afternoon. Return to Indianapolis, arriving at the Marriott East about 5:00 p.m.







$99.00 (three nights, including breakfasts)


$45.00 (one night, more than two people in some rooms)


  $5.00 admission








$264.00 PER PERSON (see below)*


*TOTAL: $264.00 per person. This price is based on two people per room. If you require a room alone, please add $95.00 and let me know. We are especially limited at the Clifty Inn, because they have another group which has reserved 30 rooms. Some people will have to double up, with four in a few rooms. Send in your check to Nikki Schofield today. This is an excellent price for this trip.


Please send the form below to: Nikki Schofield, 7929 Hunters Path, Indianapolis, IN 46214. Phone: 317-328-8782. Email is 




NAME _____________________________________________________


ADDRESS _________________________________________________


PHONE ___________________________________________________




NAME ____________________________________________________


ADDRESS ________________________________________________


PHONE __________________________________________________


TRIP in 2003 will be to Charleston, South Carolina, probably in June. We will leave on Monday. Stay at the same motel in Charleston all four nights, Monday through Thursday. On Tuesday, we will see The Hunley. Wednesday, we will visit the Civil War forts around Charleston. Thursday, we will tour the historic city, Friday, we will drive back to Indianapolis. If you cannot come this year, let me know if you 're interested in going with us in 2003. We will keep your name on the mailing list.


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